Camp Chase

Confederate

Cemetery

Columbus, Ohio

Information Compiled by

Dennis Brooke

Member of General Roswell Ripley Camp - SCV


 


 

R1 - R21 Sources

 

The following is the list of sources regarding the Camp Chase Cemetery.  Any source by itself is not 100% accurate.  However, multiple sources many times do confirm suspected information. 

 

R1= Compiled Military Service Records
R2= Soldiers and Sailors National Park Service
R3= American Civil War Research Database
R4= Ancestry Library
R5= Camp Chase Records
R6= General Genealogy
R7= Confederate Veteran Magazine
R8= Find-A-Grave
R9= 1907 Register Government printing November 1, 1907
R10= Chaplain Tolford's 1867 map and names at the Camp Chase Cemetery
R11= Period Newspaper articles (exact newspapers will be mentioned and page numbers along with dates)
R12= Ohio Historical Society
R13= National Archives, Washington, DC
R14= Actual tombstones at the Camp Chase Cemetery and their inscriptions
R15= 1860 United States Census
R16= 1850 United States Census
R17= Wildcard
R18= 1912 Register
R19= 1864 Georgia Census
R20= The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion
R21= Pension Records

 

About R1  Compiled Military Service Records

 

Good Points=  Taken from Fold 3 "The creation of compiled military service records for Confederate soldiers began in 1903 under the direction of Brig Gen Fred C. Ainsworth, head of the Record and Pension Office in the War Department. They are abstracts of original records found in the War Department Collection of Confederate Records and from documents borrowed by the War Department for the purpose of obtaining as full a service record as possible on these soldiers.

 

The compiled service records are arranged by unit, usually a regiment, and then alphabetically by soldiers’ surname. Preceding the individual soldiers jacket-envelopes are empty envelopes which list the officers of the unit. Following these are jacket-envelopes that contain caption cards for muster-in and muster-out rolls, and record-of-events cards, indicating the activities of the unit during specific periods." 

 

Bad Points= Sometimes a soldier's CMSR's might be mixed in with another soldiers records often times using the same last name.  Even the CMSR's disagree on different pages on the spelling of the soldiers last name as an example.  At times because the soldier could not read or write he made his mark with an "X" In this case the soldier would tell the soldier inscribing his name how he pronounced his name.  A name such as Lewis could become Louis in an instant.  If a soldier could not read or write then his syllables may become suspect. Another issue may be the silent letters in a name. As an example Corporal Noah Van Martin Ness who enlisted in the 7th Kansas Cavarly.  He was killed in Mississippi in 1864 and the State of Kansas named a county and a city in his honor after the War.  Not until a few years ago did genealogists understand that his correct spelling was Kness, not Ness.  This is a prime example of going by the CMSR's insofar as going by the spelling of the last names. Also accents may play a part.
 Furthermore I believe that the National Cemetery Administration took the appropriate measures on the issue of making a new tombstone for a soldier who may have had various spellings or alternative spellings.  Their current stance is that they will not make a new tombstone for a soldier whose name may be mispelled but rather make a note of it.
Fold 3 or Footnote as it was once called is a pay site.

 

About R2   Soldiers and Sailors National Park Service


Good Points= usually the National Park Service information is reliable and provides a fast find for a soldier and his alternative names and units.

 

Bad Points= There have been a few times that the NPS has entered incorrect information about the soldiers unit.  Nothing more in my opinion than a typing error.  The NPS has created a new system and has more options however sometimes it is difficult to obtain correct and fast information. 

 

About R3  American Civil War Research Database
 

Good Points=  This site uses the Adjutant Generals Office for their sources. It does allow a user to criss-cross information in a myriad of ways.  Bad Points= Using just one main source sometimes creates conflict with other sources.  However any additional information can be a good thing even in conflict.  It is a pay site.  It does not allow for alternative spellings.  Much of their information at times I find as incomplete. 

 

About R4  Ancestry Library
 

Good Points= It is probably the largest genealogy site on the internet.  Because some of the old hand writing is hard to read the site has hired people for interpretation of the crusive writing.  This can make research an ease if the person has done their job correctly.  They have also copied many of the documents of the National Archives.  Bad Points= At times Ancestry will take other peoples research and post it on their site without confirming the authors research and at times without the authors permission.  Ancestry is a pay site and one of the more expensive.

 

About R5  Camp Chase Records


Good Points=The Camp Chase Records are a huge collection.  Some of them have been put online via pay sites such as Ancestry.  They are filled with detailed information.  For example, On November 24, 1864 the password into the Camp Chase Prison was the word "Atlanta"  the counter password was "Port Hudson" 

Bad Points= Spelling errors, conflicting information at times within their own records, sometimes trying to read the handwriting comes into play.

 

About R6  General Genealogy


Good Points= Sometimes when I have a conflict of a soldiers last name genealogy does play an important role.  As an example in grave # 2132 at the Camp Chase Cemetery is a tombstone for Lt. Robinson.  According to the CMSR's (R1) he spelled his last name as Robertson according to his signature after being paid.  If his pay sheet had not been recorded than perhaps genealogy could have played a key role.  For example if descendants of Robertsons were found and they stated that he spelled his name as Robertson and I had conflicting spellings of names I would choose the descendants version.  Bad Points= Like anything else some genealogy is good and some bad. 

 

About R7  Confederate Veteran Magazine
 

Good Points=  S.A. Cunningham its publisher did a great job insofar as collecting stories and useful information including some photographs.  Many of the stories come from former soldiers who were there so to speak.   Bad Points=  A lot of spelling errors occur in the magazine as well as an occasional memory lapse by the submitter.

 

About R8  Find-A-Grave

 

Good Points=  As a rule the submitter is not being paid to do this work.  They do it out of respect and memory of the deceased.  Some submitters in my opinion are better than others.  At the Camp Chase Cemetery "Martha Reid" the UDC Chapter from Jacksonville, Florida have done the best work with the Camp Chase Dead.  Bad Points= There are no special skills needed to do Find-A-Grave (FAG) Someone having good intentions may submit horrible work because of lack of knowledge or research.  Without mentioning any names one submitter at FAG at the Camp Chase Cemetery made the remark that a Confederate soldier had died in Yankee captivity during the War.  He was not a Confederate soldier but rather a Union soldier.

 

About R9  1907 Register Government printing November 1, 1907
 

Good Points=  "List showing inscriptions on headstones for the Confederate soldiers and sailors who, while prisoners of war, died at Columbus and Camp Dennison, Ohio, and were buried in Camp Chase Cemetery, those dying at Camp Dennison having been thence removed." This register was used in making the headstones for the Camp Chase Cemetery made in Nelson, Georgia by the Blue Ridge

Marble Company.  The stones were laid in the spring of 1908 and many of them still exist to this day.

 

Bad Points= Because of mistakes of the 1907 register at least 6 Confederates have turned out to be Union soldiers as an example.  There are at least 5 headstones that the bodies are not there.  As an example in grave # 2068 which is a double burial the body of Major Alex Cassady (R9) is really Major Alexander C. Casseday (R8) Casseday's memorial # is 9901786 on (R8) and his wife Nannie also has an obituary taken from (R11) and (R8) that being the Louisville Couier-Journal on November 26, 1896.  Nannie Casseday his wife can be found on FAG or (R8) memorial # 51050297.  Together they tell a story of Major Alexander C. Casseday's life his date of birth January 23, 1836 to his death on March 24, 1862 in Columubus, Ohio.  (R1) gives us alternative spellings of his name as Cassady/Cassedey/Casseday.  However using genealogy (R6) and FAG (R8) not only do we find his correct spelling but also of his disinterrment from the City Cemetery to the Cave Hill Cemetery, located in Cave Hill Kentucky in Louisville.  Alexander C Casseday's Section is B and he is buried in Lot 75. (R17) [this information was provided by the Cave Hill Cemetery phone number 502-451-5630 According to them Alexander C. Casseday was buried on April 4, 1862.] (R1) also gives his parole release from the Camp Chase commander (Colonel Moody) for his purpose of going to a local doctor for treatment in Columbus, Ohio. 

 

About R10  Chaplain Tolford's 1867 map and names at the Camp Chase Cemetery
 

Good Points= This is the first time that anyone had taken the time to write down on paper directly from the wooden headboards at the Camp Chase Cemetery.  Chaplain Tolford took the time to transfer the information that many of us have today.  He also made a map of the Cemetery and listed the grave numbers. He did this in 1867. His work may be viewed on this site and until recently was a hard copy to get a hold of.   Bad Points= Because of the tremenous amount of work that Chaplain Tolford had to do in a short period of time, some of his work contains mistakes.  Transcribing his hand writing can also be a chore at times.  He did make a report known as the Executive Documents to the Governor of Ohio.  Keep in mind also that the graves of the East Cemetery were not reinterred until May of 1869 thus the names that he lists will not be included on his map. 

 

About R11    Period Newspaper articles (exact newspapers will be mentioned and page numbers along with dates)
 

Good Points= Any additional information gained from newspaper articles is good to have and may lead to additional knowledge.

Bad Points= Unlike newspapers of today at times the print was not confirmed and at times a story may be printed by word of mouth with no real sources.

 

About R12  Ohio Historical Society


Good Points= The Ohio Historical Society also known as OHS has a lot of historical documents that are fairly easy to research and easy to find once you understand their system.  The archives department is located on the 3rd floor and have excellent people to help with research.  Bad Points= The hours of operation for the archives is limited to certain days and times.  OHS is doing the best they can under budget cuts. 

 

About R13  National Archives, Washington, DC


Good Points= The National Archives also known as the NARA in Washington, DC has a vast amount of information.  It also has the complete lists of the originial CMSR's. 

Bad Points= NARA has so much information that your mind will shut down after visiting for the first time.  The mind has trouble understanding how much material that they have.  NARA has their own way of doing things and sometimes it's hard to follow their rules which may be different than other locations.  Parking is a huge problem and pulling information may take longer due to their sheer material. 

 

About R14    Actual tombstones at the Camp Chase Cemetery and their inscriptions


Good Points= The Gustafson's have done a tremenous job in their photo's of the grave at the Camp Chase Cemetery.  Their site is easy to understand and use.  Bad Points= There have been a few times where the information on the stone was different than their information on their site.  Probably just dealing with sheer numbers as Chaplain Tolford could probably attest to when he did it by hand.

 

About R15   1860 United States Census
 

Good Points= A great source for information and members of their families.  The census is the window to our past in many respects.

Bad Points= Sometimes a census taker would not find their party at home or perhaps they did not want to take 3rd left on the right and walk half way around a mountain to ask information.  At times they ask neighbors for information and at times the neighbors had the wrong information.  Spelling was also a concern for those who could not read or write.  The census taker in 1860 earned their money in my opinion.

 

About R16  1850 United States Census


Good Points= same as R15

Bad Points= same as R15

 

About R17   Wildcard

 

Wildcard -- Good Points= The Wildcard could be any other reference.  The information is credited with the source.  Sometimes it can provide excellent souces. For example Major Alexander C. Casseday has a tombstone at Camp Chase.  According to the Cave Hill Cemetery he was buried there on April 4, 1862.  He is buried in Section B in Lot 75 so this would be listed as (R17) followed by the Cave Hill Cemetery at phone number 502-451-5630.  Bad Points= As with anything else the information is only as good as the source supplying it.
 
About R18  1912 Register


Good Points= It is an official United States document and lists the civilian dead at Camp Chase in their grave where the 1907 Register does not Bad Points= Repeated errors are copied from previous works

 

About R19  1864 Georgia Census


Good Points= The State of Georgia was the only state to have a 1864 census.  The reason for it was to inform the Governor (Joe Brown) as to the potential men of military age, he could draw upon if needed.  The State would send a man to your door if you lived in Georgia and wanted to know everything about your family.  Many times the men asking the questions were from that area so it did no good to lie.  There were many exemptions to the draft such as owning more than twenty slaves and working for the railroad just to name a few.  The exemptions were noted in the 1864 census.  Bad Points= The 1864 census did not include womens names and if you were in the Confederate Army at the time it did not include your name

 

About R20  The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion
 

Good Points= It has often been called the Bible because of its accurate information Bad Points= The Government only took out certain parts of the military records to make the OR's

 

About R21  Pension Records

 
Good Points= To receive a pension a person usually had to have sworn testimony from someone who knew you. As the years went by additional information was required.  It can be a treasure trove for additional information about the Confederate Veteran.  

Bad Points= A Confederate could only get a pension if he showed a need for the money.  Likewise a widow could not receive a pension if she had remarried.  Needless to say not all veterans or their widows received a pension.